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Text Index

The microscopic study of animal tissues and cells

INDEX

Acidophil(s) 
of ovary, 216-217 of pituitary, 234-235 Aorta, 108-109 Acini 
Arteriole(s), 112-113 
defined, 8 
afferent and efferent, 173, 174 of pancreas, 166-167 
Artery(ies) 
of prostate gland, 208-209 
distributing, 110 
of salivary glands, 126-128, 136-139 hepatic, 165-166 
Acrosome 
medium-sized, 110-111 developing, 202-203 Atrium, 80-81 
Actin 
wall of, 114-115 in microfilaments, 7 Auerbach’s plexus, 156-157 Actin filament(s) 
Axon(s) 
of skeletal muscle, 74 of motor neuron, 84, 90-91 Action potential, 84 Axoneme 
Active transport, 138 of ciliated cell, 22 
Adenohypophysis 
defined, 6 
cells of, 234-235 
of spermatozoon, 198 of pituitary, 232-233 Axoplasmic transport 
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP), 5 rate of, 90 Adipocyte(s) of tongue, 132-133 Adrenal cortex, 228-229 Basal bodies, 7. See also Centriole(s) 
Adrenal gland, 225 
Basalis 
cells of, 230-231 of endometrium, 222-223 Adrenal medulla, 228-229 
Basophil(s), 52-53 
cells of, 230-231 appearance of, 49 
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), 232 of pituitary, 234-235 Adventitia 
Bile 
of alimentary canal, 142 concentration of, 170 Agranulocyte(s) 
Bile canaliculi, 165 types of, 49, 54-55 Bladder 
Airway(s) 
urinary, 173, 184-185 conductive, 116 
Blastocyst, 222 respiratory, 116 Blood 
Aldosterone 
cell types in, 48-55 
from adrenal cortex, 228 formed elements of, 48-49 
Alimentary canal, 140-163 
liver cell interaction with, 168 major components of, 140-141 B-lymphocyte(s) 
Alveoli, 124-125 
antigens and, 187 
of respiratory system, 116 function of, 20, 54 
Ameloblast(s) 
production of, 188 of developing tooth, 130-131 Bone 
Amino acid(s) 
alveolar, 130-131. See also Jawbone 
function of, 8 compact, 60-61, 64-65 
Ampulla 
growth of, 70-71 
of oviduct, 220-221 properties of, 60 Amylase, 8 remodeling of, 61, 66-67 Androgen(s) 
spongy, 60-61 from adrenal cortex, 228 types of, 60-71 Androstene dione woven, 61 Of ovary, 218 Bowman’s capsule Antibodies of Kidney, 180-181 defined, 20,187 of nephron, 172-175, 178 Antigen(s) 
parietal and visceral layers of, 178-179 immune system and, 186, 187 
Antrum 
276 INDEX Bronchi, 116-117 of adrenal gland, 230-231 bronchioles vs., 120 ovarian, 14-15 
Bronchiole(s), 120-121 
endothelial, 26 
respiratory, 116-117, 124-125 
of venous sinuses, 194-195 
terminal, 116-117, 122-123 enterochromaffin 
Brush border 
of gastric glands, 148-149 
of simple columnar epithelium, 30-31 epithelial of gallbladder, 170-171 
Calcitonin 
of ileum, 158 
in parafollicular cells, 226 fat 
Calcium 
of eyeball, 238-239 
in bone, 61 follicular, 214 
Callus, 61 ganglion 
Canaliculi 
of autonomic nervous system, 96-97 
of osteocytes, 16-17 
of retina, 240-241 
of osteons, 64-65 glial 
Capacitation 
types of, 85 
of spermatozoa, 200 goblet, 12-13 
Capillary(ies), 112-113 
of colon, 162-163 
continuous and lymph, 112-113 
of trachea, 118-119 
fenestrated 
granulosa, 214 
of adrenal gland, 228-229 hair 
Cartilage 
of ear, 236, 244-245 
elastic, 58-59 
horizontal 
hyaline, 56-57 
of retina, 240 
types of, 56-59 interstitial 
Caveolae 
of testes, 199 
of smooth muscle, 82 Kupffer 
Cell(s), 1-23 
of liver, 165 
absorptive 
Leydig 
intestinal, 12-13 
of testes, 199 
acinar 
light 
pancreatic, 8-9, 166-167 
of taste bud, 250-251 
alveolar 
littoral 
greater, 124 
of lymphatic sinuses, 190-191 
amacrine 
liver. See Hepatocyte(s) 
of retina, 240 
mast 
basal 
from basophils, 52-53 
of epididymis, 204-205 
of connective tissue, 37, 46-47 
of thin skin, 102-103 
Merkel’s, 99 
basket, 138 mesenchyme, 37 
bipolar 
mucous 
of retina, 240-241 
of acini, 127-128 
bronchiole, 120-121 
of stomach, 146-147 

Muller 
in thyroid gland, 226 
of retina, 240 
cardiac muscle, 18-19 
nerve, 84-86 
centroacinar 
degeneration of, 85-86 
pancreatic, 166-167 
overview of, 1-5 
chief 
oxyntic 
of gastric glands, 146, 148-149 
of gastric glands, 146 
chromaffin 
Paneth, 10-11 
of adrenal medulla, 230-231 
of ileum, 158-159 
ciliary 
parafollicular 
of trachea, 118-119 
of thyroid gland, 226-227 
ciliated, 22-23 
parietal 
of oviduct, 220-221 
of gastric glands, 146-149 
Clara phalangeal of terminal bronchiole, 122-123 Pillar clear of ear, 244-245 in thyroid gland, 226 of pituitary gland, 234-235 dark plasma, 20-21, 38, 54-55 in taste bud, 250-251 antibodies from, 187 “dust,” 124 principal 
endocrine of epidiymis, 204-205 
INDEX 277 Cell(s), (Continued) of thyroid gland, 226-227 
fibrillar nature of, 42 red blood, 48, 50-51, 112-113 
Collagen fiber(s) 
Schwann, 85 
of fibrocartilage, 58-59 of unmyelinated nerve fibers, 92-93 
Colloid 
secretory 
of simple cuboidal epithelium, 28-29 
of oviduct, 220-221 
in thyroid gland, 226-227 septal, 124 
Colon, 160-163 serous 
Complement 
of acini, 127 
activated, 187 Sertoli 
Cone(s) 
of seminiferous tubule, 202-203 
of retina, 236, 240-243 skeletal muscle, 18 
Connective tissue 
spermatogenic 
cell types of, 46-47. See also names of specific cells 
of seminiferous tubule, 202 
defined, 36 
stages in life of, 20 
dense irregular, 37, 40-41 
supporting 
dense regular, 37 
of seminiferous tubule, 202-203 in tendon, 42-43 

loose, 37 
formation of, 196 
types of, 36-47 killer, 187 
Cords 
theca lutein, 218 
splenic, 192 “typical” mammalian, 2-3 
Cords of Billroth 
white blood 
of spleen, 192 agranulocytic, 54-55 
Corium, 98. See also Dermis classes of, 49 
Corona radiata 
in connective tissue, 37-38 
of ovary, 218 function of, 48-49 
Corpus luteum, 218 granulocytic, 52-53 Corpuscle 
Cell membrane, 2 Hassall’s 
Cementum 
of thymus, 196-197 
of tooth, 126, 127 pacinian, 99 
Centriole(s) 
renal, 180-183 defined, 6, 20 Cortex 
Cervix, 213 adrenal. See Adrenal cortex; Adrenal gland 
Cholecystokinin, 170 renal. See Kidney Cholesterol, 14 
Cortisol 
Chondroblast(s) 
from adrenal cortex, 228 of hyaline cartilage, 56-57 Cortisone 
Chondrocyte(s) 
from adrenal cortex, 228 degeneration of, 56 
Cristae 
of hyaline cartilage, 56-57 defined, 5 
Chondromucoprotein 
tubular 
of ground substance, 56 of adrenal gland cells, 230 Choriocapillaris of eye, 238-239 Crown 
Choroid 
of tooth, 126, 127 of eye, 238-239 Crypts of Lieberkuhn 
Chromatin 
of duodenum, 150, 152-153 defined, 6 Cumulus oophorus 
Chromophobe(s) 
of ovary, 218-219 of pituitary, 234-235 Cytoplasm 
Chromosome(s) 
as cell product, 18-19 
defined, 6 defined, 2 Chyme 
Cytoskeletal function(s) 
formation of, 148 defined, 6 Cilia, 7 olfactory, 248-249 Cilium Demilune(s) 
connecting serous, 138-139 of photoreceptors, 242-243 Dendrite(s) 
Cisternae of motor neuron, 84-85 defined, 5 Dentin, 126-127 Cochlea, 236 enamel and, 130-131 Collagen, 36 Dermis, 98-99 bone flexibility from, 60 layers of, 99 defined, 16 Papillary, 278 INDEX Desmosome 
Epineurium 
of simple columnar epithelium, 30 of unmyelinated nerve fibers, 92 Disk(s) 
Epithelium 
intercalated 
functions of, 24-25 
of cardiac muscle, 74, 80-81 
germinal 
intervertebral 
of ovary, 214-217 
fibrocartilage of, 58-59 olfactory, 236, 246-247 
Duct(s) 
pigment 
alveolar, 116, 117 
of eye, 238-239 
bile 
of retina, 242-243 
of liver lobule, 165 
pseudostratified columnar, 34-35 
collecting, 173-175 
respiratory 
of kidney, 178-179 
of nose, 246-247 
of nephron, 174-175 
shapes of, 24 
of renal medulla, 182-183 
simple columnar, 30-31 
pancreatic, 164 
simple cuboidal, 28-29 
salivary, 127, 138-139 
simple squamous, 26-27 
intercalated, 127 
stratified squamous 
secretory, 136-139 
of esophagus, 32-33, 144-145 
striated, 138 transitional 
Ductus deferens, 206 of bladder, 184-185 
Duodenum, 150-153 
types of, 24-35 simple columnar epithelium of, 30-31 Erythrocyte(s), 48 
Dynein arms 
of ovarian endocrine cell, 14-15 
defined, 22 See also Cell(s), red blood Esophagus, 32 
Ear 
major regions of, 144-145 
elastic cartilage of, 58-59 
squamous epithelium of, 32-33 organ of Corti of, 244-245 Estradiol, 218 Elastin, 36, 58 Estrogen, 14 Ellipsoid 
Euchromatin, 6 of photoreceptors, 242-243 
Exocytosis 
of retina, 240-241 Clara cells and, 122 Enamel 
Eye 
of tooth, 126, 127, 130-131 layers of. See names of specific 
End plate 
layers 
of motor neuron, 84 retina of, 238-243 
Enclocardium, 80-81, 114-115 photoreceptors of, 242-243 
Endocrine system, 224-235 sclera and choroid of, 238-239 Endometrium of uterus, 222-223 Fallopian tube, 214. See also Oviduct Endomysium 
Fascicle(s) 
of skeletal muscle fiber, 76-77 of adrenal cortex, 228 Endoneurium 
Femur 
of unmyelinated nerve fibers, 92-93 developing osteon of, 70-71 
Endoplasmic reticulum 
long bone of, 60-61 
rough and smooth, 5 osteon and osteocyte in, 66-69 Endothelium 
Fiber(s) 
defined, 26 collagenous 
Endpiece 
of connective tissue, 36 
of spermatozoon, 198-199 of dense irregular connective 
Energy 
tissue, 40-41 
order from, 1 strength of, 36 
Entropy, 1, 224 connective tissue, 36 
Enzyme(s) 
elastic 
hydrolytic, 66 
components of, 36-37 
made by pancreatic acinar cells, 8 of connective tissue, 36 
Eosinophil(s), 49, 52-53 muscle. See Muscle fiber 
Epicardium, 80-81, 114-115 nerve. See Nerve fiber Epiderman derivatives, 104-105 reticular, 36-37, 44 Epidermis, 98-99 cellular covering of, 44 Epididymis of connective tissue, 36 of male reproductive system, 200, 204, 204-205 of immune system, 186 Epinephrine 
of lymph node, 188 from adrenal gland, 22INDEX 279 Fiber(s), (Continued)sebaceous, 104-105 
of spleen, 44-45 
sublingual, 138-139 
smooth muscle 
submandibular, 138 
of prostate gland, 208-209 
submaxillary, 138 
of vas deferens, 206-207 sweat Fibril 
apocrine and eccrine, 104-105 
defined, 37 thyroid. See Thyroid gland Fibroblast(s), 36 
Glomerular filtrate 
of connective tissue, 46-47 flow of Fibrocartilage, 58-59 in nephron, 172 Fila olfactoria, 248-249 Glomerulus 
Fingertip 
of kidney, 180-182 
skin of, 100-101 of nephron, 174-176 Flagellum 
Glucagon 
sperm, 199, 210 pancreatic secretion of, 164 Folia 
Glucocorticoid(s) 
of oviduct, 220-221 from adrenal cortex, 228 Follicle(s) 
Glycogen 
developing, 213 
in muscle fiber, 18-19 Graafian, 218 
Glycoprotein growing, 218-219 
Paneth cell production of, 10 hair 
Golgi apparatus, 5, 6 of scalp, 104-105 
Granulocyte(s) 
ovarian, 213-219 
types of, 49, 52-53 primary and secondary, 213-217 
Ground substance 
tertiary, 218-219 
in connective tissue, 36 
primordial, 216 
in hyaline cartilage, 56 of thyroid gland, 28-29, 226-227 Growth hormone (GH), 232 Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), 232 Follicular fluid, 216 Hair shaft 
Forming face, 10 of scalp, 104-105 Fructose 
Haversian canal, 64-65 in seminal vesicles, 210 Haversian system, 64. See alsoOsteon Functionalis 
Heart 
of endometrium, 222-223 atrium wall of, 114-115 
Furrow 
layers of, 114-115 
circular 
muscular structure of, 80-81 of tongue, 134-135 Hemoglobin synthesis of Gallbladder, 164, 170-171 by cytoplasm, 18 Gas exchange 
Hemosiderin, 46 of lungs, 26 Heparin, 37 Gastric juice, 146 Hepatocyte(s), 164, 165, 168-169 Gastric pit(s) 
Herring bodies 
of stomach, 146-147 of pituitary, 234-235 Gastrin 
Heterochromatin 
secretion of, 148 defined, 6 
Germinal center 
of osteocytes, 16 of primary nodules, 188 Histamine, 37 Gland(s) 
Holocrine secretion, 104 Bowman’s 
Hormone(s) 
of nose, 248-249 
parathyroid, 66 
Brunner’s 
secretion of, 224 
of duodenum, 150-153 
steroid “ductless,” 224 
defined, 14 
endometrial, 222-223 
storage of gastric, 146-149 
in thyroid gland, 28 
intestinal thyroid, 225 of colon, 162-163 mechanism of release of, 28 of jujenum, 156-157 trophic, 224 See also Crypts of Lieberkuhn See also names of specific types lingual, 132-133 Howship’s lacuna parotid, 138 Osteoclast and, 66-67 pituitary. See Pituitary Gland Hydroxyapatite crystal(s) 
prostate, 200, 201, 208-209 of bone, 60 salivary. See Salivary Gland(s) 
Hypophysism, 232. See also Pituitary gland. 

280 INDEX 
Hypothalarnic-hypophyseal portal system, 232 Liver, 168-169 
Hypothalamus, 224 function of, 164 Liver lobule, 168-169 
Ileum, 158-159 
components of, 164-165 goblet cell from, 12-13 Lobule(s) 
Immune system 
of secretory salivary acini, 136 
organs of, 186-197 of testes, 202 Infundibulum 
Loop of Henle, 174-176 
of oviduct, 220-221 
of renal medulla, 182-183 of pituitary, 232-233 Lumen 
Inner segment 
defined, 8 of photoreceptors, 242-243 Lung(s) 
Insulin 
alveoli and capillaries of, 124-125 
pancreatic secretion of, 164 epithelium of, 26-27 
Interstitial space 
red blood cells in, 50-51 of nephron, 176 Luteinizing hormone (LH), 232 Intestine 
Lymph 
large vs. small, 160 
circulation of, 112-113 plasma cell in, 20-21 
Lymph node(s), 188-191 simple columnar epithelium of, 30-31 
function of, 187 smooth muscle of, 82-83 Lymphatic vessel(s), 112-113 
Islets of Langerhans, 164 afferent and efferent, 188-189 Isthmus 
Lymphoblast(s) 
of oviduct, 220-221 of primary nodules, 188-189 Lymphocyte(s), 20-21, 54-55 
Jawbone, 127, 130-131 appearance of, 49 
Jejunum, 140-141, 154-157 classes of, 54 
Junction 
functions of 
tight and intermediate, 30 in immune system, 186-187 
Junctional complex 
production of, 188 
of simple columnar epithelium, 30-31 thymic, 196-197 Lymphokine(s), 186-187 Keratin, 98 Lysosome(s), 5, 6 Keratinocyte(s), 98 Lysozyme 
Keratohyalin granule(s), 32-33 in Paneth cells, 10 Kidney corpuscle of, 180-181 
Macrophage(s) 
cortex of, 172-173, 178-179 
of connective tissue, 37, 46-47 
function of, 172 
pulmonary alveolar, 124-125 medulla of, 172-173, 182-183 Macula adherens, 30 Matrix 
Lacteal(s) 
of connective tissue, 36 of duodenum, 150-151 
Medulla of jejunum, 156-157 renal. See Kidney Lacuna 
Megakaryocytes 
of osteocytes, 16-17 of blood, 48 Lamina 
Meissner’s corpuscle(s), 99 basal 
Meissner’s plexus, 156 of basement membrane, 26 Membrane(s) 
Lamina propria 
basement of alimentary canal, 140-141 
of epithelium, 26-27 
of dense irregular connective tissue, 40-41 
inner and outer 
of duodenum, 152-153 
of mitochondria, 5 
of jejunum, 154-155 
tectorial 
of simple columnar epithelium, 30-31 in ear, 244-245 
Larynx, 116 unit, 2-5 Leukocyte(s) 
Mesenchyme defined, 48-49 defined, 37 Ligament(s) 
Metachronal wave periodontal, 126, 127 of cilia, 34 Limbus spiralis Microfilament(s) 
of organ of Corti, 244-245 function of, 7 Lipase, 8 Microscope Lipofuscin granules light vs. electron, 2 of motor neuron, 88-89 Nomarski interference, 58 Liquor folliculi, 216 Microtubule(s), INDEX 281 Microvilli 
Myosin filament(s) 
of absorptive and goblet cells, 12-13 
of skeletal muscle, 74 of duodenum, 150-151 
Myotube(s) 
function of, 7 of skeletal muscle fiber, 76 Midpiece of spermatozoon, 198-199 Nasal cavity, 116 
Mineralocorticoid(s) 
ciliated cells of, 22-23 from adrenal cortex, 228 Neck 
Mitochondria, 5 sternocleidomastoid muscles of, 76-77 Mitosis 
Nephron(s), 172-176 defined, 6 parts of, 173-176 Monocyte(s), 54-55 
Nerve(s), 84-97 
appearance of, 49 cochlear, 244-245 
Morula, 222 olfactory, 248-249 
Mucosa 
optic, 240-241 
of alimentary canal, 140-141 
peripheral of colon, 160-161 
axons of, 90-91 of esophagus, 144-145 Nerve fiber 
Mucus 
myelinated, 90-91 
function of, 34 
unmyelinated, 92-93 goblet cell production of, 12 Nerve fiber layer 
Mucus droplet(s), 12-13 of eye, 238-239 Muscle 
Nervous system, 85-86 
arrector pili, 104-105 
autonomic cardiac, 72, 74, 80-81. See also Heart 
ganglion cells of, 96-97 
intercalated disks of, 80-81 
categories of, 85 
cells of 
nerve cells in 
cardiac and skeletal, 18-19 
number of, 84 microanatomy of, 72-73 
Neuroglia 
skeletal, 72-74 
of nervous system, 85 sarcomere of, 78-79 
Neurohypophysis 
striations of, 76-77 
cells of, 234-235 
smooth, 72, 74, 82-83 
of pituitary, 232-233 of prostate gland, 208-210 
Neuron(s) 
of vas deferens, 206-207 
information transfer by, 84 
types of, 72-83 motor, 84-85, 88-89 Muscle fiber, 72 
Neurotransmitter material 
cardiac, 18, 80-81 
of synaptic vesicles, 94 skeletal, 18, 76-77 
Neutrophil(s), 49, 52-53 dimensions of, 72Nissl substance 
of eyeball, 238-239 
of motor neuron, 88-89 smooth, 82-83 
Nodes of Ranvier 
striated, 72 of myelin sheath, 90 Muscularis 
Nodule(s) 
of oviduct, 220-221 primary, 188-189 Muscularis externa 
Norepinephrine 
of alimentary canal, 142 
from adrenal gland, 228 of esophagus, 144-145 Nose 
Muscularis mucosae 
olfactory receptors of, 248-249 
of alimentary canal, 140-141 respiratory and olfactory epithelia of, 246-247 Myelin sheath, 85-86, 94-95 Nuclear envelope 
Myelination 
defined, 6 process of, 94 Nuclear layer 
Myoblast(s) 
inner and outer 
of skeletal muscle fiber, 76 of eye, 238-239 Myocardium, 80-81, 114-115 Nuclear pore(s) 
Myofibril(s) 
defined, 6 of muscle fiber, 18-19 of ovarian endocrine cell, 14-15 of skeletal muscke, 72-4, 78-79 Nucleolus Myofilament(s) 
defined, 6 of skeletal muscle, 74, 76 Nucleus Myometrium of cell, 1-2 of uterus, 222-223 composition of, 6 Myoneural junction of motor neuron, 84 Odontoblast(s)
Myosin of pulp cavity, 130-131 in cytoplasm, INDEX 283 Prostatic fluid 
defined, 200 components of, 208 Seminal fluid, 198 Protein(s) 
Seminiferous tubule, 202-203 made by pancreatic acinar cells, 8 Sense(s), 236-251 Pseudopodial extension(s) 
Sensory transduction 
of macrophages, 46-47 defined, 236 Ptyalin, 126 Septum 
Pulp 
connective tissue 
of tooth, 126, 127 of thymus, 196-197 interalveolar, 124 
Releasing factor(s) 
defined, 26 hypothalamus secretion of, 224 Serosa 
Renal cortex. See Kidney of duodenum, 142 Reproductive system 
Sinus(es) 
female, 212-223 
lymphatic, 188 
internal parts of, 213 
cortical or marginal, 190 
male, 198-211 subcapsular, 190-191 
Residual body(ies) 
venous 
of photoreceptors, 242-243 splenic, 194-195 Respiratory system, 116-125 
Sinusoid(s) 
function of, 116 of liver, 168-169 
Reticular layer 
liver blood flow from, 164, 165 
of dermis, 99 of splenic venous sinus, 194-195 Reticulin 
Skin 
of lymph node, 190-191 components of, 98-99 
Reticulocyte(s) 
epidermal derivatives of, 104-105 
of spleen, 44 thick, 100-101 
Reticuloendothelial system, 187 thin, 102-103 
Reticulum 
types of, 98-105 sarcoplasmic 
Soma 
of skeletal muscle, 74, 78-79 
of motor neuron, 84 stellate, 130-131 Somatotrope(s) 
Retina, 236, 238-243 of pituitary, 234-235 Ribosome(s) 
Spermatid(s) 
defined, 5 production of, 200 Rod(s) 
Spermatocyte(s) 
of retina, 236, 242-243 primary and secondary, 199-200, 202-203 
Romanovsky’s stain(s) 
meiotic division of, 199-200 with neutrophils, 52 Spermatogenesis 
Root 
defined, 199 of tooth, 126, 127 Spermatogonia, 199 Spermatozoon 
Sac(s) 
components of, 198-199 alveolar, 116, 117 Spermiogenesis Saliva 
defined, 200 constituents of, 136 Spicule(s), 60-61 Salivary gland(s), 126, 136-139
Spinal cord 
largest, 138-139 
anterior horn of, 88-89 secretions from, 136-137 
Spleen, 187, 192-195 
secretory units of, 127-128 red pulp of, 192-193 
Sarcolemma 
reticular fibers of, 44-45 of skeletal muscle, 72 venous sinuses of, 194-195 
Sarcomere(s) 
white pulp of, 192 of skeletal muscle, 74, 78-79 Squame(s) 
Scalp, 102-103 defined, 25 
epidermal derivatives of, 104-105 
of esophageal epithelium, 32-33 
See also Skin on skin surface, 100 Schmidt-Lantermann cleft(s), 90-91 Stereocilia Sclera in ear, 244-245 of eye, 238-239 of epididymis, 204-205 Secretory face of vas deferen, 206-207 defined, 10 Stomach, 146-147 Secretory granule(s), 5 gastric glands of, 148-149 Secretory phase, 
Stratum corneum of uterus, 222 of epidermis, 98 Semen 
284 INDEX 
Stratum germinativum 
of spleen, 192 of epidermis, 99-101 Trachea, 34, 116-119 Stratum granulosum 
Triad 
of epidermis, 98, 100-101 of skeletal muscle, 78 Stratum lucidum 
Trypsin, 8 of epidermis, 100-101 T-system 
Stratum spinosum 
of skeletal muscle, 78-79 of epidermis, 98-101 Tubule(s) 
Striated border. See Brush border convoluted 
Striation(s) 
distal, 174-176 
basal 
of kidney, 178-181 
of kidney, 178 proximal, 173-176 
Submucosa 
seminiferous 
of alimentary canal, 142 
of testes, 199, 201, 202-203 of colon, 160-161 
Tunica adventitia 
of duodenum, 152-153 
of aorta, 108-109 of esophagus, 144-145 
Tunica albuginea 
of jejunum, 154-155 of ovary, 214-215 Synapse, 94-95 Tunica intima 
Synaptic cleft, 94-95 of aorta, 108-109 Syncytium 
Tunica media 
of skeletal muscle, 72 of aorta, 108-109 Synovial fluid in cartilage, 56 Ureter, 173 Urethra 
Taste bud(s), 134-135, 236, 250-251 male, 201 Taste pore, 134-135, 250-251 Urinary space, 173 Teeth, 126-127 
Urinary system, 172-186 developing, 130-131 Uterine tube, 212. See also Oviduct Tendon(s) 
Uterus, 222-223 
dense regular connective tissue in, 
location of, 212, 213 42-43 function of, 42 Vacuole(s) 
Testes, 199, 201-203 
condensing, 10 
arteries and veins of 
secretory, 10 medium-sized, 110-111 
Vas deferens, 200, 201, 206-207 seminiferous tubule of, 202-203 Vasa recta 
Testicle(s), 199, 201-203 of renal medulla, 182 Theca externa and interna 
Vasopressin, 232, 234 of ovary, 216-219 Vein(s) 
Theca folliculi 
medium-sized, 110-111 
of ovary, 216-217 portal, 164, 165 Thymus, 196-197 
Vena cava, 108-109 T-lymphocytes from, 54 Ventricle(s) 
Thyroglobulin, 226 
of heart, 114-115 of colloid, 28 Venule(s) 
Thyroid gland, 226-227 
postcapillary 
simple cuboidal epithelium of, 28-29 in lymph nodes, 190-191 Thyrotrope(s) 
Vesicle(s) 
in pituitary, 232 micropinocytotic 
Thyrotropin-releasing factor (TRF) 
of capillaries, 112-113 pituitary gland and, 232 olfactory, 248-249 
Tissue 
seminal, 200, 201, 210-211 
connective. See Connective tissue synaptic, 94-95 
T-lymphocyte(s) 
transfer 
antigens and, 186-187 
defined, 8 formation of, 196 
Vessel(s) 
function of, 54 lymphatic. See Lymphatic vessel(s) 
Toe(s) 
Villi periosteum of, 70-71 
of duodenum, 150-153 Tongue, 126, 132-135 of ileum, 158-159 taste buds of, 250-251 of jejunum, 154-155 Tonofilament(s) 
of simple columnar epithelium, 30-31 of epidermis, 98 Vitreous humor Trabeculae, 60-61 of eye, 238-239

Glossary